## Introduction to tropical modifications, by Nikita Kalinin

We will define tropical modifications for the case of tropical curves and tropical hypersurfaces. Also we consider applications of tropical modifications.

27
11, 2023

We will define tropical modifications for the case of tropical curves and tropical hypersurfaces. Also we consider applications of tropical modifications.

24
11, 2023

This presentation introduces a novel holographic correspondence in d-dimensional de Sitter (dS_d) spacetime, connecting bulk dS_d scalar unitary irreducible representations (UIRs) with their counterparts at the dS_d boundary, all while preserving reflection positivity. The proposed approach, with potential applicability to diverse dS_d UIRs, is rooted in the geometry of the complex dS_d spacetime and leverages the inherent properties of the (global) dS_d plane waves, as defined within their designated tube domains.

17
11, 2023

In the last few decades, Berkovich’s theory of k -analytic space has extended classic rigid geometry. Since k -analytic space has good topological properties, and the Berkovich analytification of algebraic varieties could be also dealt with via the geometry of the model and it has a strong connection with tropical geometry, this allows us to use the combinatorial techniques to study algebraic varieties. Our lectures will mainly discuss the contents of Berkovich space and its application in other aspects of mathematics, we plan to go over the basic properties of Berkovich space in both algebraic and topological ways for the first lecture.

14
11, 2023

I will describe a new geometric method for constructing and controlling shifted symplectic structures on the moduli of vector bundles along the fibers of a degenerating family of Calabi-Yau varieties. The method utilizes bubbling modifications of the boundaries of limiting moduli spaces to extend the symplectic structure on the general fiber to a relative symplectic structure defined on the whole family. As a proof of concept we show that this produces a universal relative symplectic structure on the moduli of Gieseker Higgs bundles along a semistable degeneration of curves. We also check that the construction works globally over the moduli stack of stable curves and show that the Hitchin map has the expected behavior in the limit. This is a joint work with Oren Ben-Bassat and Sourav Das.

10
11, 2023

2
11, 2023

I will start by briefly recalling the two approaches to tropicalizing subvarieties of algebraic tori. We then transition to the compactified version, substituting the torus with a toric variety, and formalizing the concept of embedded tropical varieties together with a notion of their smoothness. Notably, not all such varieties can be realized as tropicalizations of classical varieties, and different embeddings of classical varieties yield combinatorially distinct tropicalizations, which we equate through so-called modifications. We will conclude by addressing the question of recovering information about classical varieties from their tropicalizations, exemplified by the phase tropical limit having the same topology as corresponding complex hypersurfaces provided that the usual tropicalization is smooth.

23
10, 2023

Tropical geometry is perhaps the most elementary of the geometries we are interested in. A tropicalization is often described as a combinatorial shadow of an algebraic variety. I will explain two approaches to this tropicalization procedure, in the context of complex and non-Archimedean varieties, and how they are related. The basics of tropical geometry and (co)amoebas will be covered as well.

17
10, 2023

In this talk we shall apply the integral version of the Brauer-Manin obstruction to construct the first examples of such failures not explained by local conditions in the setting of affine diagonal ternary cubics. We will then explore in three different natural ways how such failures are distributed across the family of affine diagonal ternary cubics.

9
10, 2023

I will tell how tropical curves arise in the scaling limit of the sandpile model in the vicinity of the maximal stable state and explain two major consequences inspired by this fact. The first one is that there is a continuous model for self-organized criticality, the only known model of a kind, defined in the realm of tropical geometry. The second is that the totality of recurrent states in the original sandpile model, the sandpile group, approximates a continuous group, a tropical Abelian variety, which is functorial with respect to inclusions of domains, allowing to compute its scaling limit as a space of circle-valued harmonic functions on the whole lattice.

29
09, 2023

After introducing the basic notions, I will derive some properties of momentum images related to fundamental forms and osculating varieties, as well as a lower bound on the minimal positive degree of a homogeneous invariant, derived using secant varieties. At the end I will present a class of homogeneous projective varieties, characterized by a special property of their secant varieties, where the relations between the above three concepts take a particularly pristine form.